5 WWI (Première guerre mondiale et révolutions)

5-MEX-EZA Emiliano Zapata

5-MEX-EZA Cartes postales de la Révolution Mexicaine : 5-MEX-EZA Emiliano Zapata Mexican Postcard

Manuel Ramos (1874–1945) was an early press photographer who worked mostly in Mexico City. In 1903 his photograph of the gored bull fighter Segurita, published in El Imparcial with his signature below the image, became the first signed photograph to appear in the Mexican press. Rámos joined Casasola’s Agencia Fotográfica Mexicana and made extensive coverage of the Decena Trágica of 1913. Later, Rámos turned to architecture and landscapes as his principal subjects. His book Mexico moderno was published in 1937.


5-MEX-RSA La fin de la Révolution, la fuite de Carranza : 5-MEX-RSA- Rafael Sosa Venustiano Carranza 1920

Obregón and allied generals repudiated Carranza’s government and renewed the Revolution on their own. On 8 April 1920, a campaign aide to Obregón attempted to assassinate Carranza. After the failure, Obregón brought his army to Mexico City and drove Carranza out.

Carranza prepared a great departure from Mexico City with the idea of setting up his government in Veracruz, as he had done in 1914 following the Aguascalientes Convention. In spite of difficulties caused by the fact that most railroad employees favored Obregon, a collection of trains, including the presidential Tren Dorado (Gold Train), pulled out of the capital city on May 7, 1920. The various trains in the retinue, said to have come to eight miles in length, contained not only Carranza and thousands of government associates but also innumerable friends and friends of friends and their families. Eight or ten thousand persons, half of them women, started out on this exodus, which was not entirely well organized.



5-EUR-JNB Johann Böhm electromagnetic photographs during WWI : 5-EUR-JNB

Professor Johann (Jan) Böhm was a Czech-German chemist who took an interest in utilising photography as part of his investigations into electromagnetism. This early body of work is testament to his preco- cious talent in both fields of endeavour… Having been recognised as a promising young scientist, he had tra- velled to Prague to study photo-chemistry, colloidal chemistry and pho- tography, but in the spring of 1915, at the age of 20, was drafted into the army. That he continued to take photographs during his service, including astronomical pictures, is evidence of his enduring pursuit of capturing scientific wonders.



7-RUS-NXS Armoured Train

5-RUS- Soviet Armored Trains ; 5-RUS-NXS Armoured Trains and Machine Guns

During the Russian Civil War, the Czechoslovak Legion used heavily armed and armoured trains to control large lengths of the Trans-Siberian Railway (and of Russia itself). The Bolshevik forces in the Russian civil war used a wide range of armoured trains. Many were improvised by locals, others were constructed by naval engineers at the Putilov and Izhorskiy factories. As a result, the trains ranged from little more than sandbagged flatbeds to the heavily armed and armoured trains produced by the naval engineers.

After the 1910s and early 1920s Wars, the use of armoured trains declined except in Siberia. They were used in China in the twenties and early thirties during the Chinese Civil War, most notably by the warlord Zhang Zongchang, who employed refugee Russians to man them.

One of Corto Maltese series album lasts during the years 1918–1920, Corto Maltese in Siberia. Pratt was inspired by Grigory Mikhaylovich Semenov (Russian: Григо́рий Миха́йлович Семёнов, 1890-1946), the crual Japanese-supported leader of the White movement in Transbaikal and beyond from December 1917 to November 1920, Lieutenant General and Ataman of Baikal Cossacks (1919). A 2002 French-language animated film, Corto Maltese: La Cour secrète des Arcanes, was based on this Pratt novel.


5-RUS-BBT Moscow

5-RUS-BBT Inside a Ghost City : Moscow After the Revolution : 5-RUS-BBT Moscow Year Zero

The presence on some mounts of a stamp linked this group of vintage silver prints to a German geographer Bernhard Brandt (1881-1938). The captions point out only monuments and historical walls, but the photographs captured rare vision of empty streets and ghosty silhouettes. The presence of fires near a church and the general feeling of hunger among the rare humans indicate we are after November 1917. The bibliography of Prof. Brandt precise his interest for Russia around the year of 1920 with several articles and atlases, before he focused on Brasil.